Model: Extended Drucker-Prager


This model implements a more sophisticated version of the Drucker-Prager model (see Model: Drucker-Prager) allowing for both cohesion and friction hardening / softening. We implement the specific hardening model reported in Liu et al. (2020). The yield surface is given by

f(p,q) = q + b \left( p - \frac{a_i}{b_i} \right) = 0,

where b is the current yield surface slope, b_i is the initial slope, and a_i is the initial cohesion intercept in p-q space. The vertex of the Drucker-Prager cone is fixed at p=a_i/b_i. Let \lambda denote the accumulated plastic strain measure. The current yield surface slope is given by the hyperbolic relationship

b = b_i + \frac{\lambda}{m+\lambda} \left( b_r - b_i \right)

with m a parameter controlling the hardening rate. Here, b_r is the residual yield surface slope. If b_r < b_i, hardening behavior will be observed, while for b_r < b_i softening behavior will occur.

In the resulting model, the yield surface begins at an initial position defined by the initial cohesion and friction angle. As plastic deformation occurs, the friction angle hardens (or softens) so that it asymptoptically approaches a residual friction angle. The vertex of the cone remains fixed in p-q space, but the cohesion intercept evolves in tandem with the friction angle. See Liu et al. (2020) <> for complete details.

In order to allow for non-associative behavior, we define a “dilation ratio” parameter \theta \in [0,1] such that b' = \theta b, where b' is the slope of the plastic potential surface, while b is the slope of the yield surface. Choosing \theta=1 leads to associative behavior, while \theta=0 implies zero dilatancy.


The supported attributes will be documented soon.